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Types of Sentences

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A sentence is a group of words that form a complete thought. They start with capital letter and they end with punctuation. They also contain a subject and a predicate. The subject is the person or thing in the sentence and the predicate is the action that takes place in the sentence. There are four basic types of sentences- declarative, interrogative, exclamatory, and imperative.

  • A DECLARATIVE sentence makes a statement and ends with a period.
    • The little boy played with his new toy.
    • My favorite day of the week is Saturday because I get to play outside with my friends.
  • An INTERROGATIVE sentence asks a question and ends with a question mark.
    • Did you see that?
    • What time do you want me to pick you up tomorrow?
  • An EXCLAMATORY sentence shows strong emotion or feeling and ends with an exclamation point.
    • I can’t believe you jumped that high!
    • This is the best birthday I’ve ever had!
  • An IMPERATIVE sentence gives a direction or a command and ends with a period.
    • Shut the door.
    • Bring it over here.
  • Knowing the proper structure of a sentence and understanding the different kinds of sentences is important. It helps you to make your writing clear for your readers and it allows you to use a variety of sentence types to make your writing more interesting to read.


    Time4Writing provides practice in this area. Try a sample resource from our Elementary Sentence Structure course or browse other related courses.

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