Parts of a Sentence
The main parts of a sentence are the subject and the predicate. The subject is the noun that does the action in the sentence. It is the who? or the what? To find the subject, ask yourself, "Who or what is doing something in this sentence?" Let’s try a few.
- Jordan walked her dog down the street.
- Tommy fell asleep right away.
- The large flock of birds flew over our heads.
- The class was canceled because of bad weather.
In sentence one, Jordan is the subject or the who in the sentence. In sentence two, Tommy is the subject or the who in the sentence. In sentence three, the large flock of birds is the subject or the what in the sentence. In sentence four, the class is the subject or the what in the sentence.
The predicate is the verb or the action in the sentence. It is the what happened? To find the predicate, ask yourself, "What is happening or what happened in the sentence?" Let’s find some predicates.
- We mixed all the ingredients together in a bowl.
- She danced so gracefully.
- The rain poured down from the sky.
- Sneakers are the best thing to wear when playing a sport.
In sentence one, mixed is the predicate or action in the sentence. It answers, "What happened?" In sentence two, danced is the predicate or the what happened? In sentence three, poured down is the predicate because it tells us what the rain did. In sentence four, are is the verb that tells us about the sneakers.
These are known as simple subjects and simple predicates. Complete subjects and predicates include the other words in the sentence. For example, in this sentence, "The large library was full of books," the complete subject is The large library and the complete predicate is was full of books.
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